Soil: TESTING & MANAGEMENT
Soil Test Instructions
Soil tests provide a scientific basis for evaluating available plant nutrients in cropland, pastures,
lawns and gardens. Analyses of soil samples can help farmers and homeowners fine-tune nutrient applications
from fertilizers, biosoilds, and animal manure. Properly managing the amount of nutrients added to the
soil can save money and protect the environment.
A basic soil test, including pH(degree of alkalinity or acidity) and nutrients Nitrogen, Phosphrous and Potassium,
cost $10.00 cash or check and generally takes two to three weeks for the results of the tests. Do not sample an area which
has received fertilizer within the past two months as this will give a false reading.
The steps for obtaining the sample are as follows:
- Using a trowel or similar tool, obtain six inch samples of soil, removing all grass and trash.
- Each area of intrest, such as a lawn or vegetable garden should be tested sparately.
- Obtain at least fifteen (15) or more random sub-samples from the area you want tested. Divide the
area and follow a random pattern when sampling. Avoid unusual spots, like a wet area, and try to obtain a
- Place the sub-samples in a plastic bucket, mix thoroughly by hand and submit a pint of this mixture in a zip-lock bag
to the extension office.
Samples should NOT be saturated but fairly dry.
Extension offices will mail your samples to the OSU Soil, Water and Forage Analytical Laboratory
and mail written recommendations to you.