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Aggressive Species

"Where flowers degenerate, man cannot live." - Napoleon Bonaparte

SPECIES THAT ARE PESTS IN MIDWEST NATURAL AREAS

Alien Trees
Norway MapleAcer platanoides
Tree-of-HeavenAilanthus altissima
White PoplarPopulus alba
Siberian ElmUlmus pumila
Wayfaring Tree Viburnum lantana
Alien Shrubs
Japanese BarberryBerberis thunbergii
Autumn OliveElaeagnus umbellata
Winged EuonymusEuonymus alatus
Common PrivetLigustrum vulgare
Amur HoneysuckleLonicera maackii
Morrow's HoneysuckleLonicera morrowii
Tartarian HoneysuckleLonicera tatarica
Hybrid HoneysuckleLonicera x-bella
White MulberryMorus alba
Red MulberryMorus rubra
Common BuckthornRhamnus cathartica
Glossy BuckthornRhamnus frangula
Multiflora RoseRosa multiflora
European Highbush CranberryViburnum opulus
Alien Vines
Oriental BittersweetCelastrus orbiculatus
WintercreeperEuonymous fortunei
Japanese HoneysuckleLonicera japonica
KudzuPueraria lobata
Alien Grasses and Herbaceous Plants
Quack GrassAgropyron repens
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolata
Common BurdockArctium minus
Smooth BromeBromus inermis
Plumeless ThistleCarduus acanthoides
Musk ThistleCarduus nutans
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea maculosa
Canada ThistleCirsium arvense
Lily-of-the-ValleyConvallaria
Field BindweedConvolvulus arvensis
Crown VetchCoronilla varia
Queen Anne's Lace Daucus carota
Cut-leaf TeaselDipsacus laciniatus
TeaselDipsacus sylvestris
FescueFestuca pratensis
Leafy Spurge Euphorbia esula
Creeping CharlieGlechoma hederacea
Birds-foot TrefoilLotus corniculatus
Moneywort Lysimachia nummularia
Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria
White SweetcloverMelilotus alba
Yellow SweetcloverMelilotus officinalis
Wild ParsnipPastinaca sativa
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris arundinacea
Kentucky Blue GrassPoa pratensis
Black BindweedPolygonum convolvulus
Mexican BambooPolygonum cuspidatum
Johnson GrassSorghum halepense
DandelionTaraxacum officinale
Periwinkle or MyrtleVinca minor

In addition to the invasive aliens listed above, some native plants may become aggressive in your landscape. You can use this to your advantage if you're trying to create a tight hedgerow or massive groundcover planting. But be aware that you may need some means of control (regular weeding or a barricade such as a building, fence, or driveway) if you don't want these to spread outside your site and onto your neighbor's property.

Aggressive Native Trees and Shrubs
Box ElderAcer negundo
Red Osier DogwoodCornus sericea
Quaking AspenPopulus tremuloides
Black CherryPrunus serotina
Smooth SumacRhus glabra
Staghorn SumacRhus typhina
Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia
Prickly AshZanthoxylum americanum
Aggressive Native Grasses and Herbaceous Plants
Canada WindflowerAnemone canadensis
Wild SarsaparillaAralia nudicaulis
Wild GingerAsarum canadense
New England AsterAster novae-angliae
Prairie CoreopsisCoreopsis palmata
White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum
Wild StrawberryFragaria virginiana
SunflowersHeliantus sp.
Virginia WaterleafHydrophyllum virginianum
Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris
Switchgrass Panicum virgatum
Mayapple Podophylum peltatum
Smooth Solomon's SealPolygonatum biflorum
Downy Solomon's SealPolygonatum pubescens
Bracken FernPteridium aquilinum
Stiff GoldenrodSolidago rigida
CattailTypha sp.
Hairy Wood Violet Viola sororia

 


Created: May 29, 1997
Revised: November 24, 1998